Some Tips for Using Cable Fault Locator

Some tips of cable fault locator: the occurrence of cable fault is accompanied by the laying and use of cable. The positioning of cable fault is gradually increasing with the different laying methods of cable. Among them, the positioning and search of bridge, tunnel and open laying in ditch is relatively simple, and the positioning and search of direct burial is difficult. When the fault nature is simple, the cable fault locator adopts special cable fault location equipment, which can locate the fault within dozens of minutes. When the fault is special, it often takes 4-5 days or even longer to locate the fault. When using echo method for cable fault location, sometimes by transferring the fault phase and wiring mode, complex faults are often transformed into simple faults, and the fault location is quickly determined to win time for the emergency repair of on-site lines, which is of great significance to the power supply user department. Low voltage power cables are generally multi-core cables. After laying and continuous use, they generally show two core and multi-core phase to phase or phase to ground short circuit faults. Sometimes, when it is detected that the fault waveform collected by a core is not ideal, it can be considered to convert the wiring to other fault cores for fault waveform detection, which often has unexpected effects. The collected and detected waveforms will become more typical and regular, so the specific location of cable fault point can be determined quickly. During the long-term on-site measurement of cable customers, it is found that the fault of small cross-section copper core directly buried power cable (35mm2 and below) and aluminum core cable may be accompanied by short-circuit and wire breaking fault at the same time. During on-site detection, changing the short-circuit fault to wire breaking fault measurement according to the different fault nature of each fault core will often double everything with half the effort. For the medium voltage direct buried power cable with extruded armor as the inner lining, the fault is mostly caused by external mechanical damage. When the insulating core fails, the inner lining may have been damaged. In case of special cable insulation fault, it is difficult to collect waveform with professional cable fault instrument. It can be considered to use the acoustic method to apply the high-voltage pulse directly between the steel strip and copper shielding layer of the cable, which will often be fixed quickly. In the field measurement process, we also found that when using the acoustic measurement method to locate the fault point of low-voltage cable, when the high-voltage line and ground wire are connected between the bad phase and the metal shield or armor, the sound is very small, so the probe can not be used to listen to the fixed point, and the effect is not ideal. Through the actual listening side on site for many times, it is found that if the distance between the discharge ball gap is appropriately increased, and the high voltage and grounding wire are connected between the two phases of the fault, the discharge sound will become larger and the fault point will be determined quickly.

Some Tips for Using Cable Fault Locator 1

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