NOYAFA's Coax Cable Finder

NOYAFA's Coax Cable Finder

2021-10-24
NOYAFA
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SHENZHEN NOYAFA ELECTRONIC CO.,LIMITED manufactures coax cable finder with fantastic features. Firstly, it is made of highly reliable and first-rate raw materials which ensure the quality of the product from the source. Secondly, produced by the smooth production process and state-of-the-art technology, the product is characterized by the long service life and easy maintenance. What's more, it has reached European & American standard and has passed the authentication of international quality system.NOYAFA products have already built up their sonorous fame in the industry. The products have been shown in many world-famous exhibitions. In each exhibition, the products have received great praise from visitors. Orders for these products are already flooding in. More and more customers come to visit our factory to know more about the production and look for further and deeper cooperation. These products are expanding the influence in the global market.At Best Cable Tester Supplier in China _ Noyafa, the products like coax cable finder are high-quality, so is the customer service. We have a well-trained service team to offer 24/7 online service. We also have many professionals to provide you with useful suggestions on product customization. In addition, we promise a low-cost and efficient delivery.
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Cable Fault Tester
Cable Fault Tester
Cable fault detector can be seen everywhere in our daily life. Cable fault detector plays a lot of roles. Cables on the road can divert people and vehicles. The guardrail beside the river can protect people from falling into the river. The guardrail beside the lawn can protect the lawn from being trampled by animals and people. Therefore, the role of guardrail is still great, The installation of guardrail is also very important. The installation of river guardrail needs special attention. Let's follow the traffic guardrail manufacturer to see how to install River guardrail. The river guardrail is a guardrail product installed next to the river to prevent pedestrians on the river road from falling into the river. The base to be fixed during the installation of the river guardrail can only be in the original position, which may cause the base to not be fixed and lose the significance of setting the river guardrail. Simply put, it is to install the guardrail at an oblique angle, hit 2 Road nails to fix the base, and the remaining 2 nail holes are used for later maintenance. After the base of the river guardrail is fixed, the column is installed. Insert the column into the base, and then install the expansion screw. After the screw is fixed, two people need to cooperate when tightening the screw. One person holds the column to keep it vertical. When tightening the screw, the other person can tighten the screws at both ends. In this way, the column and base are installed. The next step is to install the guardrail piece. The steel connecting sleeve connects the river guardrail and the column. This is generally fixed on the column before leaving the factory, so as to reduce the on-site operation process of constructors. Align the guardrail piece with the upper and lower connecting sleeves of the column, and connect the left and right accurately. The above is the introduction to the steps of installing the river guardrail. When installing the river guardrail, we should follow the steps strictly and master the installation skills of the river guardrail, so that we can make fewer mistakes in installation and ensure the performance of the river guardrail in the process of use. We are a professional guardrail manufacturer. If you need to buy our guardrail products, you can call us to communicate with us.
Cause Analysis of Insulation Failure of Power Cable
Cause Analysis of Insulation Failure of Power Cable
1. Insulation aging of insulation fault cables mainly occurs in the later stage of operation, generally in cable lines that have operated for 15 years or more, resulting in a significant increase in cable failure rate. Insulation aging is mainly divided into dendritic aging, electrothermal aging and insulation material aging. The air gap inside the cable insulation medium is free under the action of electric field, which reduces the insulation. When the insulation medium is ionized, ozone, nitrate drum and other chemicals are generated in the air gap, which corrodes the insulation layer. At the same time, the moisture in the insulation decomposes the insulation fiber, resulting in the decline of insulation strength. Overheating will accelerate the aging and deterioration of insulation. The electric dissociation generated by the air gap inside the cable insulation will cause local overheating, carbonize the insulating material and reduce the insulation strength. Cable overload is an important factor of cable overheating. Cables installed in poorly ventilated places such as cable dense areas, cable trenches and cable tunnels, cable paths parallel or cross with thermal pipelines without effective thermal insulation measures will overheat the cables and accelerate the damage of the insulation layer. When the cable insulation operates under the action of electricity and heat for a long time, its physical properties will change, resulting in the reduction of insulation strength or the increase of dielectric loss, which will eventually lead to insulation collapse and aging and failure. The main causes of insulation aging are: (1) improper cable selection, resulting in long-term over-voltage operation of the cable; (2) The surrounding of the cable line is close to the heat source, so that part of the cable or the whole cable line is heated for a long time and ages prematurely; (3) The cable is aged prematurely when working in an environment with adverse chemical reaction with insulation; (4) When multiple cables are running in parallel, one or more of them are in poor contact, resulting in overload operation of other cables in parallel; (5) When making cable accessories, the cable connecting pipe is not firmly crimped, resulting in increased contact resistance and overheating. 2. Accessories: the cable intermediate joint and terminal head are usually completed by the installation personnel at the laying site, and mistakes are easy to occur without paying attention. Cable accessory failure accounts for the main part of cable line failure, which is mainly manifested in composite interface discharge and accessory material aging. The failure of cable accessories is often due to the poor manufacturing process and the carelessness of personnel. During the manufacturing process, bubbles, moisture, impurities and other defects appear in the accessories, resulting in partial discharge and insulation breakdown, which is mainly reflected in: (1) the manufacturing quality of cable intermediate joints and terminals is not high; (a) when stripping the outer semiconducting layer, Damage the lower insulation or there is half a track of particles, dust and other impurities on the insulation surface, or the removal distance of the semi conductive layer is short and the creepage distance is not enough. After the test or operation, the impurities are free under the action of strong electric field and produce electric branches. (b) During the manufacturing process, the crimping quality of the metal connecting pipe is poor, resulting in excessive contact resistance and heating of the joint, or excessive thermal shrinkage, resulting in insulation carbonization, aging and breakdown of the insulating layer, resulting in cable grounding or phase to phase short circuit fault, and may damage other nearby cables. (c) The cable joint process is not standard and the sealing is not standard, so that the insulation is invaded by moisture and moisture, resulting in the deterioration of the insulation of the intermediate joint. In serious cases, water enters into a large area inside the main insulation of the cable, resulting in the overall moisture of the main insulation, the insulation is reduced, and finally the cable breakdown fault occurs. (d) The treatment process of conductor connecting pipe is poor. The selection of crimping die for conductor connecting pipe is unreasonable, and the edges and corners are not polished smoothly. Especially at the edge of crimping die, there are sharp corners, burrs and protrusions, which is very easy to cause uneven electric field at this part, partial discharge during operation, aging insulation, degradation of insulation performance and breakdown fault. (e) The installation size is wrong, the installation position of the stress tube is too low, or the stress cone is not effectively overlapped with the half layer fracture, resulting in the failure of reliable stress evacuation at the semi conductive fracture of the cable. During the test or long-term operation, serious corona discharge occurs at the fracture, resulting in overheating, reducing the insulation, and finally leading to breakdown. (f) The connection of the grounding wire of the cable metal shielding layer is unreliable and does not meet the requirements of grounding resistance, resulting in excessive grounding resistance. When the cable is subjected to overvoltage, the metal shielding layer will produce high induced overvoltage, which will lead to aging and breakdown of the insulating part. (2) During operation, the cable expands and contracts due to the change of load and environmental factors, especially the heat shrinkable accessories can not lose the sealing effect with elastic deformation, forming a respiratory effect between the accessories and the cable insulation layer, bringing moisture and moisture in the atmosphere into the accessories, causing the internal short circuit fault of the cable accessories. Poor quality of cold shrinkable accessories, reduced shrinkage or defective sealing at the parts requiring reliable sealing will lead to external moisture intrusion and eventually cable failure. (3) When making the cable head, due to the high environmental moisture and humidity, reliable dehumidification and moisture drive measures were not taken, the cable insulation was partially affected by moisture, the insulation performance decreased, and developed into a penetrating channel during operation, resulting in cable breakdown accident. 3. The problem of outer sheath is more and more widely used in medium and high voltage power grid. The outer sheath of power cable is the first line of defense to protect the cable. Its integrity is directly related to the safety of internal structure and the service life of the cable. There are three main causes of cable outer sheath failure: (1) hard object damage or external force damage around the cable. There are sharp corners of hard objects at the top and bottom of the directly buried cable that directly contact the outer protective layer. Especially in the road section with vehicles, the sharp corners of hard objects may pierce the outer protective layer for a long time, resulting in damage to the internal structure. In addition, with the change of cable load, the thermal expansion and contraction of the cable itself and the uneven distribution of electric field at the damaged parts, resulting in damage to the insulating layer; During pipe laying, the outer protective layer may be damaged if the steps or inner wall at the pipe connection are not smooth; The outer sheath is damaged due to mechanical construction or pipe jacking around the cable path. (2) Defects and hidden dangers left during construction. During the cable laying construction, the damaged and cracked parts of the outer sheath are in the row pipe, and the personnel cannot find them in time; After running for a period of time, the bending part of 110kV and above cables will crack, the insulation of the outer sheath will be reduced, the metal sheath will be grounded at multiple points, and the circulating current will increase, resulting in thermal aging and breakdown of the insulation. (3) Termite decay. Once a termite erosion site is found, there are often multiple erosion sites on the cable line, which should be paid enough attention. Termite erosion is relatively rare in the northern power grid.
Common Power Cable Test Methods
Common Power Cable Test Methods
If the cable insulation is damaged or aging, short circuit, disconnection, grounding and other faults may occur in use, affecting the safe operation of the power system. Power cable plays an important role in power transmission and distribution system, so it is of great practical significance to detect power cable faults regularly or irregularly. Here is a popular science about common power cable test methods. AC withstand voltage test of main insulation (series resonance test equipment) is an effective method to test the ability of cable insulation to withstand various overvoltage. It is a strict, direct and effective test method to determine the insulation strength of cable. Cable fault location and cable path identification: the cable fault detector system is composed of cable fault detector, high voltage pulse generator, pointing instrument and cable comprehensive detector, which is used to detect cable low resistance, short circuit, open circuit fault, high resistance leakage and high resistance lightning fault, correct direction and depth of underground cable and locate open circuit, short circuit and skin fault points of cable. Partial discharge inspection: different from using ultrasonic detector products to detect common transformer partial discharge, vibration wave partial discharge detection is used for cable partial discharge. This detection method is based on LC damping vibration principle and uses attenuated vibration wave voltage with frequency in the range of 20-800hz instead of working frequency AC voltage detection equipment. It is mainly used to detect the main insulation For the insulation condition of the joint and terminal, its waveform and frequency are close to the sine wave of the working frequency, the action time is short, and will not cause damage to the cable. Infrared temperature measurement: the infrared thermal imager uses the infrared thermometer and optical image mirror to receive the infrared radiation energy distribution pattern of the temperature measurement target, which is reflected on the photosensitive part of the infrared thermometer to obtain the infrared thermal image map. The thermal image map corresponds to the thermal distribution field on the object surface, and the infrared thermal imager is used to detect the infrared radiation signal on the cable surface. The cable identifier manufacturer summarizes the common power cable detection classification. In practical application, power cable detection is closely related to insulator detection. Usually, various insulator fault detectors, insulator distributed voltage detectors and other products need to be used to detect various faults of insulators, especially in the annual spring detection of power companies, such as power cables, switchgear Transformers, overhead lines, insulators and various fittings shall be systematically tested to ensure the safe operation of the power system as a whole.
A Guide to Cleaning High Voltage Detector Tester - Do-it-yourself
A Guide to Cleaning High Voltage Detector Tester - Do-it-yourself
A non-contact voltage tester is a safe method to ensure that no current touches the wire. It is lightweight, makes no noise and has a hot wire covered with plastic insulation.If you hear continuous chirping or see a series of flashes, this confirms that the tester has detected voltage. A voltage tester is a simple device that checks whether electric current is flowing through a circuit.A voltage tester is helpful when performing electrical work such as wiring, installing lights or troubleshooting household appliances, as it can warn you of unsafe situations by detecting currents that you might find the hard way. You can also use voltage testers to check that wires have enough voltage to power certain electrical devices or machines. The simplest type is the neon-colored two-wire tester, which measures from zero to 500 volts.If the voltage exceeds 9.6 volts, this means that the battery has become sulphate and can no longer absorb any charge. High voltage detectors that detect AC and DC voltages have a longer service life and the tungsten carbide tip is protected by a plastic cap when not used.If you wish, you can take the test a little further and deactivate the ignition injection in order not to start the engine. This will allow you to crank up the engine, but we suggest that it lasts no longer than 1.5 seconds.When the battery is fully charged, the voltmeter should indicate that it maintains a voltage of 9.6 volts or higher. If your voltmeter shows a voltage between 12.4 and 12.8, this means that your battery is in good condition.A voltage of 12.9 volts is a good indicator that your battery has an excessive voltage. If you have a voltmeter with a voltage of 12.2 volts, you should consider dripping a charge into your battery. In this case, switching on a high beam deprives the surface charge of excessive voltage.The CAT voltage specified on the tester or accessory must match the electrical environment in which you are using it. Be sure to test the absence of voltage before performing any tests that are necessary for PSA. If the absence of the voltage test proves that the circuit is dead, it should be considered as activated.In older homes, do not assume that a wire box is a dead circuit breaker. Your digital multimeter should last long before it breaks or wears out. Testing a lead temperature sensor with a fuse, for example, does not work.The conductor of the circuit board wired into the device must be checked to ensure that the device is on. Place a tip of the probe at the end of the conductor, where the fuse must be checked. If one of the components of a circuit board is switched off, the device should switch off the current by separating one end of each component from its circuit.Some products have remote displays or wireless contactless tools that help you get out of danger by allowing measurements to be made without the activated part making contact. The live-to-dead or live test method requires you to test the functionality of your devices without knowing the voltage source before making measurements. Use this method to ensure that your instrument is working properly before you take any measurements.If you would like to repair cars or electronics and electrical appliances, a multimeter is a handy accessory for your DIY kit. If you do not have it, you can use a voltage detector (instead of a voltmeter) or a continuity tester (instead of an ohmmeter). When used correctly, the multimeter indicates whether the white or black wires in the reverse socket are grounded when the cable enters the box that feeds the socket.Working with the main power supply can be dangerous and you may suffer shock and electrocution if you do not take appropriate precautions. Read and understand your multimeter's manual and the warnings it contains before using it to measure main current and voltage.If you are experiencing faulty wiring or any type of damage, repairs or alterations should be performed by a qualified electrician after further testing or conversion work has been carried out.Once the conversion work is complete and the power supply is restored, perform a few basic tests to make sure the switches and sockets work. If you test a wall socket powered by a wall switch known as a switch socket (a common means for powering a floor lamp, for example), you can use a non-contact voltage detector to check the wall socket is in the position of the wall switch. Use a socket tester on the outlet to search for switches and a non-contact voltage tester to place any kind of electrical load on the circuit.You can add the creation of it to a beautiful piece of it: you can wear it by using a lock, uni-T voltage detector, pen detector, sound light, alarm LED flashlight, cute little pony cupcake packaging that makes children giggle, layer of chevron counting from the innermost layer to the perforation in the outermost layer, bachelor train, 125 specialty, beautiful silverwork, 5 citrus stones in addition to rainbow-pleasing shades.
How to Better Find the Fault of Buried Cables in Rural Areas
How to Better Find the Fault of Buried Cables in Rural Areas
In the transformation of China's agricultural network, buried lines have been adopted in many areas. Although PVC insulated plastic wire has many advantages, such as good chemical stability, no occupation of farmland, safe operation and reduction of line loss, after long-term use, due to various reasons, the fault phenomenon of buried wire is gradually increasing. Let's take a look at how to carry out the fault finding of buried cables in rural areas. Methods and characteristics of fault finding and detection of buried cables in rural areas. 1. Analysis and judgment method for the fault of buried line, generally, we should first understand the relevant situation of the fault, then conduct comprehensive analysis, find out the cause of the fault, and then find and eliminate it pertinently. For example, finding informed parties, such as construction workers, wire users, and other relevant personnel to understand the situation in detail, can often eliminate the fault in the shortest time and at less cost. It has the advantages of simple operation, no need for complex instruments, and can eliminate some faults in time. This method is generally not used alone, but in combination with other instrument detection methods. 2. In recent years, the intelligent cable fault tester is widely used to detect the fault buried wire. Therefore, many electricians and maintenance personnel are not familiar with the fault finding and detection methods of rural buried cables. In case of underground pipeline failure, if there is no advanced detection equipment and good detection means, the failure can often not be eliminated within the service period promised by the power supply enterprise, which not only delays time and wastes manpower, but also affects the image of power users and frustrates the enthusiasm of farmers to transform the rural power network. Therefore, rural land buried lines need more specialization. More efficient fault detection equipment. 3. Compared with buried wires, buried power cables have been used in China for decades. The buried cable fault tester has developed from resistance bridge, capacitance bridge and standing wave test to flashover test. The development of the instrument has experienced the ordinary oscilloscope tube display flash lamp and the storage oscilloscope tube display flash lamp. At present, the intelligent instrument has been developed. The instrument adopts new technologies and processes such as large-scale integrated circuit, computer processing technology and large screen LCD. The power cable tester is used to transform it and detect the buried line fault. The effect is good and the efficiency is high. After a lot of practice, the detection of a buried line fault generally does not exceed 30 minutes from the beginning to the end, and the accuracy is very high.
Best Wire Tracker on the Market
Best Wire Tracker on the Market
The introduction of wire trackerIn recent years, the use of wire trackers has increased due to their ease of use and effectiveness. For those who need to be in touch with their customers around the clock, this is a convenient way to stay connected.In recent years, there has been an increase in the use of wire trackers. For those who need to be in touch with their customers around the clock, this is a convenient way to stay connected.Tips for wire trackerWiretrackers are the unsung heroes of copywriting. They are in charge of making sure that all pieces of copy are correctly placed and that anything content is coherent and easy to understand.While there's no standard set of things that a wire tracker does, here are some tips to help you do your job better:1. Make sure to keep a clean layout- it is important for wire trackers to be able to easily read what they're working on. Keep spacing between paragraphs and between headlines and text clear so they don't have any trouble doing their job.2. Put yourself in the reader's shoes- while you're writing, think about what the reader would be looking at if they were reading this article in print.How to use wire tracker?Wire tracking is a writing tool used in copywriting that consists of a thin wire with a pen attached to it. The wire is used for creating the first draft, and then the pen is used to edit and refine the work.It can be helpful for writers to use wire trackers when they are stuck in creative block or need fresh ideas right away.The specifications of wire trackerWire trackers are used to connect the two wires of a circuit to one another. They are commonly made of copper, aluminum, or rarely steel.Cable wire trackers help you to make an easier and more efficient connection between two wires. It is also important to make sure that the wire connections will be strong enough and will not break easily.The very first step you should take is measuring the length of each wire before deciding which type of tracker you need for your project. The size usually depends on what type of connector and junction box you're using for your project.The product instructions of wire trackerWire trackers are an essential part of any electrician's toolkit - they're used to make electrical connections and can be found in a variety of shapes and sizes.Whether you're an electrician or not, we all use tools like wire trackers daily. When you pick up a new product from your favorite hardware store, just like the one shown in this article, you'll likely find that the instructions are missing. However, this is often intentional as the manufacturer doesn't want to ruin their product by giving away too many tips.Sometimes however, there isn't a manufacturer or distributor for a specific product. In those cases, it's up to us as customers to figure out how best to use our new purchase. And that's where our guide comes in!The application of wire trackerWire tracker is a device that helps to install new wires and cables in difficult to reach places. It has a rotating saw which can cut through steel, plastic, copper, and wood.Wire trackers have been made in different sizes from 8’ to 16’ in order to cover a variety of applications. Its main purpose is to enhance the efficiency of the workers by making it easier for them to install cables or wires.The most important reason why wire trackers are popular with people is because they provide an efficient means for people who need to make repairs on their home or when they are doing renovations.
Cable Tester Software for Cable Installation, Repair& Replacement
Cable Tester Software for Cable Installation, Repair& Replacement
The introduction of cable testerA cable tester is a person who tests all kinds of cables to make sure that they are safe and can be used with any kind of equipment.When computers first started being used for tasks, people thought they were very difficult to use. One of the main reasons for this is because the computers didn't have common vocabulary, which meant that users had to learn new terminology and concept at a very fast pace. Today, however, technology has changed so much that it's no longer necessary for users to learn new terminology - instead we can just speak with a computer and it will do all the work for us. The same applies to humans as well: we don't have to talk with someone else anymore!Tips for cable testerTo get a job in the cable industry, you need to pass certain tests. The way you write about this topic is equally important as the actual test itself.How to use cable tester?A cable tester makes sure that only the cables are connected to the right ports on a computer. On the other hand, an AI writer can make sure that a given section has all necessary information.For example, an AI writer can analyze how many people are using a certain online platform and which sections are most popular among them. The AI writer can then take this information and create content for this area in order to keep it relevant and updated.The specifications of cable testerThe cable tester is one of the most important tools in our work. Even though we are not directly responsible for it, we still want to follow some of the specifications that are defined for it. We also need to know how to test cables properly so that we don't damage our equipment and we get a high quality result.The product instructions of cable testerThe "product instructions" are the most important part of the product manual. The instructions tell customers how to use and maintain the product.The application of cable testerThe application of cable tester is a good example of AI that gets the job done. It can be used to identify weak points and gives you the opportunity to improve things.
Fluke MicroScanner PoE Network Tester   Insight
Fluke MicroScanner PoE Network Tester Insight
When connected to an Ethernet Alliance certified power source, the device displays the maximum available power class in the microscanner POE compared to the required power, as the logo of the powered device shows. The performance requirements are marked with numbers from one to eight, indicating the amount of energy sources required in each class. Microscope POE kit for technicians $39 Copper Verifi-Ion Tester Swift Simple POE Verifier Ion.Mauritius, Mozambique, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, 131. I purchased this tool in order to solve a recent installation of new Cat6 Ethernet cables in the range of 50-140 ft. Cat6 Gigabit Solid Conductor - Snagless UTP Ethernet Cable (RJ45M / M Blue) 7.5 ft (2,286 m ).These are quality certified cables with a bandwidth of up to 10 Gbit / s transmission speed. The cheaper $10 connectivity tester showed that the new Cat 6 Ethernet cables, which run in the 50-140ft range, were well connected, but I could see a pattern of failure when they eventually ran out of throughput on Iperf when they got 100Mbps connections. For 60 times the price, the tester ranged the cable up to $10, and he said the connectivity was fine.Communication technicians of today have much more problems than just wiring. Technicians need to rule out a whole range of cable service problems to determine the cause of connection problems. If you know anything about copper soldering, I found it in this article on HowStuffWorks.You may create your own design with washi ribbons in dark blue tones or elegant white lace trim if required for your order. Fluke Network Link Sprinter 100% Network Tester has a chamfer to fit different pipe sizes and thicknesses. Your motorcycle's Pro Life value is an essential product for motorcycle owners to protect your bike from weather damage. You can take off and leave no marks or stains, and we do not change the distance as required by the Fluke network clincher.James Sinn, owner of Sinn Development, an Oakville-based design, installation and troubleshooting service provider, said that the ability to display Switch ports, VLANs, PoE power and Ethernet information on LinkIQ-IE is a great addition to their toolkit. Fluke Networks says that by combining its state-of-the-art cable measurement technology with basic testing of industrial Ethernet switches, the Linkiq-IE accelerates and simplifies the detection of network failures with a touch screen interface similar to that of a smartphone. Link Sprinter Network Tester uses expert troubleshooting techniques with its colored LEDs to achieve actionable results with a LED interface that highlights problem areas, switch names and links between switches at the push of a button on each switch.The Link Sprinter Network Tester detects Ethernet problems in less than nine seconds. Read more about the increasing use of Ethernet in industry-based Automation World Research. MicroScanner (tm) PoE reduces confusion during your PoE installation by providing fast and easy PoE verification.
How to Ensure the Correctness of Cable Identification by Live Cable Identification Instrument
How to Ensure the Correctness of Cable Identification by Live Cable Identification Instrument
In the 21st century, with the rapid development of railway, the speed per hour is faster and faster, and the marshalling operation is more and more intensive, it is necessary to ensure the normal operation of electrical service system. How to ensure the correctness of cable identification by live cable identification instrument, we will discuss and explain this problem below. In the electrical service support, the fault and construction of signal cable shall be tested and identified quickly. If the identification is wrong, it will have a very serious impact and cause train accidents. So let's talk about the identification of electrical service system. 1、 Current situation and disadvantages of signal cable identification in telecommunication system target cable identification is required in field work such as emergency repair, relocation and replacement of signal cable. Since there is no suitable instrument, most of our signal cable maintainers use the following methods to identify. First, wait for the skylight point, and remove the signal cable sheath when the skylight point; Secondly, two core wires are selected as the identification wire, and the two core wires are also found at the end; Finally, use the blade to cut the skin of the selected two core wires for short connection, and use the external meter to measure whether the selected two core wires are short circuited at the end. If they are short circuited, it means that the identification is accurate, otherwise, the identification is wrong. However, there are many disadvantages in using this method for identification: 1. Generally, such work is rush repair, which must be completed in the skylight point. If it takes up the time in the skylight point for identification, the rush repair time will be greatly reduced, and some even need to apply for two skylight points to complete a work; 2. After the selected two core wires are short circuited, the two core wires found at the end may not correspond, resulting in wrong results; 3. The outer skin and copper shield of the cable shall be broken. After identification, this place shall be restored. In the future, this place is a joint and a potential fault point. 4. The most important thing is that this identification often produces wrong results, resulting in operation accidents. 2、 Current status of cable recognizer 1. Current status of identification equipment (identification and attached identification): status of identification 1: conventional cable recognizer is designed for power cable identification and is widely used in the power field. Whether imported or domestic, it has two service conditions: 1) it has high requirements for the loop resistance of the target cable, Generally, it shall not exceed 50 ohms. If it exceeds the range of this circuit resistance, the equipment will not work normally, which is beyond the range of equipment use; 2) Disconnect at least one end of the outer armor grounding (same as shielding grounding) at both ends of the target cable, so that the applied signal cannot return from the target cable. Therefore, this power cable identification instrument is not suitable for the identification of electrical signal cables. Identification status II. When promoting digital path tester, some manufacturers publicize that the equipment has identification function. In fact, when using the digital path tester to identify, if the receiver touches the identified cable, which signal is the strongest, that is the identified cable. This recognition method has a single judgment basis in recognition, only the signal size, no signal direction, and can not be used as the final judgment. Moreover, such equipment has great attenuation on the signal cable, and the identification of long-distance signal cable can not be done at all. 2. Conclusion: the use conditions of power cable identification instrument and digital path tester determine that these two types of equipment are not applicable to the signal cable of electrical service system. 1) For the signal cable of electric service. The cable is very long, with a length of more than 5km, and some can reach more than 20km; The wire core is very thin, generally 1mm ² , The resistance is 23.5 Ω per kilometer, and the cable body resistance of more than two kilometers has reached the critical value of equipment test, so the loop resistance problem has become a hard wound of the conventional identification instrument. 2) In the electrical service system, it is very inconvenient to open the outer armor grounding (the same as shielding grounding) of the signal cable. The regulations of each Railway Bureau and railway line are inconsistent. Some cannot be opened, some must be opened in the skylight point, and must be restored before the end of the skylight point. Based on the above two points, the conventional cable identifier and Pathfinder can not meet the requirements of signal cable identification of railway electrical service system. 3、 During the test of railway signaling cable identifier, the requirements for loop resistance can reach 1000 Ω, and there is no requirement for armored grounding or ungrounded of the target cable. The utility model solves the difficult problem of identifying the signaling cable. The railway communication cable is specially designed and can be used online. It has the characteristics of micro power transmitting signal, has no crosstalk and interference to the data transmission of adjacent cables, and accurately finds out the required cable. The size double jaw configuration can not only identify the cable, but also identify the wire pair in the cable. Color large screen LCD, live voice prompt, friendly intelligent man-machine interface, and its unique intelligent orientation can indicate the signal direction, which makes the operation simple and practical. It is especially suitable for field use. Even untrained personnel can use it quickly. Through live measurement, it is not necessary to apply for night skylight time to cut off and repair cables. Workers in the front-line electrical service workshop can measure during the day, including when high-speed rail / Bullet train passes, which improves the timeliness and operability of detection.
Precautions for Optical Fiber Test and Installation
Precautions for Optical Fiber Test and Installation
Although optical brazing can provide a large bandwidth, its performance will be compromised if it is not deployed properly. Therefore, for enterprises with optical brazing needs, the author has the following suggestions.1、 Try to avoid macro and micro musicOptical brazing, like ordinary network cables, will also have signal degradation. Network cable is mainly caused by signal decay due to distance, while for optical fiber, it is mainly caused by improper installation. For example, if the optical fiber is stretched or bent too much, it may cause the fiber core to crack and have small cracks. A direct consequence of this is that light will scatter, resulting in signal attenuation. In addition, if the bending angle of the optical fiber is too large, the incident angle of the optical fiber contacting the core cladding interface will be changed. This makes the incident angle less than the critical angle of the total reflection angle. Note that at the bend, some optical signals cannot be reflected, but refracted into the covering layer and lost directly. Reflection, refraction, these professional terms may be difficult for readers to understand. In short, when deploying optical fiber, network administrators need to avoid the following two situations as far as possible.One is Hongqu. Macro area generally refers to the bending visible to the naked eye. Gently pull the optical fiber, you can see that the optical fiber is broken and sunk, as if it had been pressed by a heavy object. When the administrator accidentally bends the optical fiber, part of the light exceeds the critical angle, resulting in the light leaking out of the fiber core and into the covering layer. In general, once the light enters the cladding, it is difficult to return to the core again (even if it can, it is abandoned because the cost is too high). Usually, it will leak out directly through the buffer layer.The second is micro music. Micro bending and macro bending have the same reasons, which will cause the optical signal to exceed the critical angle and leak out of the fiber core. However, the external performance is different. The existence of Hongqu can generally be judged by the naked eye. In case of micro curvature, the amplitude of occurrence is very small, which is difficult to be found by the naked eye. In other words, general bending (such as rounding the optical fiber) does not necessarily lead to micro bending. Only bending under certain conditions can lead to micro bending.So in practice, how to avoid these two situations? A relatively simple method is not to press heavy objects on the optical fiber. Because of the long-term backlog of heavy objects, it is easy to cause optical fiber deformation, macro bending phenomenon and affect the transmission of optical fiber signal. In addition, when deploying optical fiber network, it is best to carefully observe the appearance of optical fiber. Because if macro music occurs, the appearance is obvious, which can be seen directly from the appearance (obvious backlog traces). If so, it's best to abandon this and optical fiber.Secondly, because the micro curvature is difficult to be observed by the naked eye, the help of the instrument may be needed at this time. Connect a test instrument at both ends of the optical fiber, and then you can check the attenuation degree of the optical fiber. If it is within the range allowed by the user, there is no problem if a little macro or micro music occurs. However, if its performance has been seriously affected, the optical fiber needs to be replaced.2、 Pay attention to whether there is an inner tube when purchasing optical fiberThe attenuation of optical fiber signal is largely related to its installation. Improper installation may lead to micro bending or macro bending. In order to avoid this situation as much as possible, many optical fiber manufacturers will add a layer of "inner tube" material to the optical fiber. The utility model relates to a material for stretching pipes, which can effectively avoid excessive bending of optical fibers.In terms of hardness, the inner tube is much harder than the optical fiber, so it is not easy to be excessively bent. Therefore, the optical fiber protected by the inner tube is usually not easy to bend. According to the laboratory test results, it can be found that the inner tube can indeed protect the optical fiber. It can not only improve the tensile amplitude of the optical fiber, but also ensure that the bending optical fiber is not too large. Of course, due to the addition of an inner tube, the cost will be much higher. Therefore, not every brand of optical fiber will do so. Enterprises need to pay attention to this problem when purchasing optical fiber.3、 Pay attention to the smoothness of both ends during installationThe process of installing optical fiber is much more complex than that of installing ordinary network cable. When installing the optical fiber, both ends of the optical fiber need to be cut. In addition, the smoothness of both ends must be ensured (usually, the smoothness of the end can be ensured by polishing and other means). If the terminal is not smooth, it will lead to signal attenuation. If the network administrator has the conditions, it is better to use a microscope or built-in amplification instrument to detect the smoothness of the optical fiber end to judge its smoothness. In short, it is necessary to ensure that both ends of the optical fiber are properly polished and shaped.After ensuring that both ends are smooth, carefully install the joints at both ends. The installation of this joint is also a technical work. Because if there is an error in the installation of the interface, such as improper splicing, or splicing two optical fibers with inconsistent dimensions together, the intensity of the optical signal will be reduced to a great extent. In general, optical fibers with different sizes are not recommended.After the optical fiber connector is connected, certain protective measures need to be taken. This is mainly because this part is the most likely place to cause signal leakage. If the end is dusty and unclean, it will cause great attenuation when the light reaches the receiver. Make sure that the connectors and fiber ends are clean if necessary. If necessary, it is also necessary to cover the end of the optical fiber with a protective film to prevent damage. Moreover, when connecting the optical fiber to the interface of the router or switch, it needs to be cleaned again. The cleaning method is relatively simple. Generally, you only need to wipe it with alcohol free lens paper. In order to avoid dust pollution, if there is an optical fiber interface on network equipment such as switches and routers, certain protective measures need to be taken when they are not used at ordinary times. If the port is covered, prevent dust from entering. When it is reused, it needs to be cleaned again. The cleaning method is the same as that of cleaning the joint. You only need to wipe it with special paper.4、 After installation, test and calculate the light lossEven if the deployment method is the most appropriate or the optical fiber is the best, it is still difficult to avoid the loss of optical signal in the end, but the degree of loss is different. If the loss degree of the optical signal is within the range that the user can tolerate, then it can. On the contrary, after the maximum limit of this user has been exceeded, it is necessary to analyze the causes and take corresponding measures.In practice, the unit of optical signal loss is measured by decibels (note that this is not a unit of sound). This unit indicates what percentage of the energy emitted by the transmitter is received by the receiver. Generally, you need to test after the first installation and confirm with the user whether you can accept this value. Note that this value needs to be recorded. This value needs to be used for reference in future maintenance. If it is found that the transmission performance of network data decreases in the process of use in the future. At this point, the administrator needs to retest it. If the test value is found to be the same as the original value, it means that there is no problem with the optical fiber, which is caused by the enterprise's own network. For example, it may be caused by the increase of data volume or the change of network architecture. It is necessary to optimize the enterprise's network. On the contrary, if the optical energy loss is found to be greater than the original, the problem that it may be an optical fiber or an optical fiber receiver transmitter must be considered. Check whether the protective layer of the optical fiber is damaged or whether there is a lot of dust on the interface, etc. It can be seen that the test of this optical fiber is very important. During the first test, the data obtained must be recorded in detail as the basis for future optical fiber maintenance and network optimization.
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