What Is Cable Length Testers?

What Is Cable Length Testers?

2021-11-11
NOYAFA
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SHENZHEN NOYAFA ELECTRONIC CO.,LIMITED constantly improve the performance of cable length testers. We utilize a continuous improvement concept throughout the organization and maintain a commitment to unremittingly enhance the high quality of our product. Moreover, we implement a strict quality control process and continually review and modify the defects of the product.NOYAFA established by our company has been popular in the China market. We constantly keep trying new ways of increasing the current customers base, such as price advantages. Now we are also expanding our brand to the international market - attract global customers through word of mouth, advertising, Google, and official website.cable length testers is one of the main products of our company. Related product details can be viewed at Best Cable Tester Supplier in China _ Noyafa. Free samples are sent or tailored according to customers' needs. We strive to be the best regarding quality and service.
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Three Common Methods for OTDR Optical Fiber Testing
Three Common Methods for OTDR Optical Fiber Testing
Optical fiber communication is a communication mode with optical wave as carrier and optical fiber as transmission medium. Optical fiber communication has become the main means of information transmission and the cornerstone of "information highway" because of its long transmission distance, large information capacity and high communication quality. Optical fiber testing technology is the most extensive and basic special technology in the field of optical fiber applications. OTDR is the main instrument in the field of optical fiber testing technology. It is widely used in the maintenance and construction of optical fiber lines. It can measure the length of optical fiber, transmission attenuation of optical fiber, joint attenuation and fault location. OTDR has the advantages of short test time, fast test speed and high test accuracy.1. Two basic formulas supporting OTDR TechnologyOTDR (optical time domain reflectometer) is a high-tech and high-precision photoelectric integrated instrument made by using Rayleigh scattering and Fresnel reflection when optical pulse is transmitted in optical fiber. The semiconductor light source (LED or LD) outputs light pulses modulated by the driving circuit, which are injected into the tested optical cable line through the directional optical coupler and movable connector to become incident light pulses.When the incident light pulse is transmitted in the line, Rayleigh scattered light and Fresnel reflected light will be generated along the way. Most of the Rayleigh scattered light will be refracted into the cladding and attenuated. The back Rayleigh scattered light opposite to the propagation direction of the light pulse will be transmitted to the light inlet port of the line along the optical fiber, and will be transmitted to the photodetector through directional coupling shunt and converted into electrical signals, After low-noise amplification and digital averaging, the processed electrical signal is scanned synchronously with the trigger signal emitted from the back of the light source and becomes a reflected light pulse on the oscilloscope.The returned useful information is measured by the OTDR detector, and they are regarded as time or curve segments at different positions in the measured optical fiber. According to the time from transmitting signal to returning signal, and then determine the speed of light in quartz material, the distance (fiber length) l (unit: m) can be calculated, as shown in formula (1).In formula (1), n is the average refractive index and â–³ t is the transmission delay. The attenuation a (unit: dB / km) can be calculated by using the power level corresponding to the incident light pulse and the reflected light pulse and the length of the measured optical fiber, as shown in formula (2):2. Five parameter settings to ensure OTDR accuracy2.1 test wavelength selectionSince OTDR serves optical fiber communication, the test wavelength shall be selected before optical fiber test, and only 1310 nm or 1550 nm shall be selected for single-mode optical fiber. Since the influence of 1550 nm wavelength on the bending loss of optical fiber is much more sensitive than 1310 nm wavelength, 1550 nm wavelength is generally used to test the whole process optical fiber backscattering signal curve of an optical cable or an optical fiber transmission link, whether it is optical cable line construction, optical cable line maintenance or experiment and teaching.The shapes of the test curves at 1310nm and 1550nm are the same, and the measured fiber connector loss values are basically the same. If no problem is found in the 1550 nm wavelength test, the 1310 nm wavelength test is certainly no problem.If the 1550 nm wavelength is selected for testing, it is easy to find out whether there is excessive bending in the whole process of the optical fiber. If a large loss step is found somewhere on the curve, retest with 1310 nm wavelength. If the loss step disappears at 1310 nm wavelength, it indicates that there is excessive bending at this place, which needs to be further found and eliminated. If the loss step is also large at 1310 nm wavelength, there may be other problems in the optical fiber, which need to be found and eliminated. In the test of single-mode optical fiber line, 1550 nm wavelength should be selected as far as possible, so the test effect will be better.2.2 optical fiber refractive index selectionThe refractive index of the single-mode optical fiber used now is basically in the range of 1.4600 1.4800, which should be accurately selected according to the actual value provided by the optical cable or optical fiber manufacturer. For G.652 single-mode fiber, if 1310 nm wavelength is used in actual test, the refractive index is generally 1.4680; If 1550 nm wavelength is used, the refractive index is generally 1.468 5. Incorrect selection of refractive index will affect the test length.In equation (1), if the refractive index error is 0.001, an error of about 35 m will be generated in the relay section of 50000 M. Small mistakes in optical cable maintenance and troubleshooting will bring obvious errors, which must be paid enough attention during testing.2.3 selection of test pulse widthIf the set light pulse width is too wide, strong Fresnel reflection will be generated, which will increase the blind area. Although the narrow test light pulse has a small blind area, the test light pulse is too narrow, the power must be too weak, the corresponding backscattering signal is also weak, the backscattering signal curve will fluctuate, and the test error is large. The set optical pulse width shall not only ensure that there is no strong blind spot effect, but also ensure that the backscattering signal curve has sufficient resolution and can see each point along the optical fiber.Generally, an appropriate test pulse width is selected according to the length of the measured optical fiber, and an optimal value is determined after one or two trials. When the distance of the measured optical fiber is short (less than 5000 m), the blind area can be less than 10 m; When the distance of the measured optical fiber is long (less than 50000 m), the blind area can be less than 200 m; When the distance of the measured optical fiber is very long (less than 2500 000 m), the blind area can be up to more than 2000 m.In the single disk test, the blind area can be less than 10 m by properly selecting the optical pulse width (50 nm). If the average value is obtained through two-way test or multiple tests, the impact of blind area will be less.2.4 selection of test rangeThe range of OTDR refers to the maximum distance that the abscissa of OTDR can reach. During the test, the measuring range shall be selected according to the length of the measured optical fiber, and it is better that the measuring range is 1.5 times the length of the measured optical fiber. If the range selection is too small, it can not be seen comprehensively on the display screen of the optical time domain reflectometer; When the range selection is too large, the abscissa compression on the display screen of the optical time domain reflectometer can not be seen clearly.According to the practical experience of engineers and technicians, the selection of test range can make the backscatter curve account for about 70% of the OTDR display screen, whether it is length test or loss test, better direct viewing effect and accurate test results can be obtained.In the test of optical fiber communication system, the link length is hundreds to thousands of kilometers, the relay section length is 40 60 km, and the single optical cable length is 2 4km. Good test results can be obtained by selecting the range of OTDR.2.5 selection of averaging timeBecause the backscattered light signal is extremely weak, the method of multiple statistical average is generally used to improve the signal-to-noise ratio. OTDR test curve samples the reflected signal after each output pulse, and averages the multiple samples to eliminate random events. The longer the averaging time is, the closer the noise level is to the minimum value, and the larger the dynamic range is. The dynamic range obtained with an average time of 3 min is 0.8 dB higher than that obtained with an average time of 1 min.Generally speaking, the longer the averaging time, the higher the test accuracy. In order to improve the test speed and shorten the overall test time, the test time can be selected within 0.5 3 min.In the connection test of optical fiber communication, satisfactory results can be obtained by selecting 1.5 min (90 s).3 three common methods of OTDR testingWhen OTDR tests optical cables and optical fibers, the test occasions include factory test of optical cables and optical fibers, construction test of optical cables and optical fibers, maintenance test and regular test of optical cables and optical fibers. The test connection of OTDR is shown in Figure 1.The test connection method is: OTDR - optical fiber connector - the first optical cable - the second optical cable - the nth optical cable, and the terminal is not connected to any equipment. According to the actual test work, there are three main methods:3.1 OTDR backward test methodThis method is mainly used to monitor the optical cable connection. The optical cable connection must be equipped with a special optical fiber fusion machine and optical time domain reflectometer (OTDR). After welding a fiber core, the welding machine will generally give the estimated attenuation value of this contact. This method of testing has three advantages:(1) OTDR is fixed, omitting the vehicles and a lot of manpower and material resources required for instrument transfer;(2) The test point is selected in the place where there is mains power without gasoline generator;(3) The test points are fixed to reduce the stripping of optical cables.At the same time, this method also has two disadvantages:(1) Due to distance and terrain constraints, it is sometimes impossible to ensure smooth communication;(2) With the continuous increase of connection distance, the test range and accuracy of OTDR are limited.At present, there are generally three methods to solve these problems:â‘ The use of mobile phones in the city and suburbs can keep the testers and successors in touch at any time, facilitate organization and coordination, and improve work efficiency.â‘¡ Contact by telephone. Make sure to connect one optical fiber (such as blue optical fiber unit and red optical fiber) to the optical telephone as the connecting line. Of course, the last optical fiber used for communication cannot be monitored because it cannot be contacted during fusion and fiber winding. Even so, the possibility of problems will be greatly reduced (if it is a 24 core optical cable, the probability of problems will be reduced to less than 1 / 24 of the original).â‘¢ When the optical cable connection reaches a relay distance, the OTDR moves forward.The test practice shows that these monitoring methods are effective to ensure quality and reduce rework.3.2 OTDR forward one-way test methodOTDR is tested at the first joint point in the optical fiber connection direction, and construction vehicles are used to transfer the test instruments and testers in advance. Using this method for monitoring, the test point and connection point always have only one disc of optical cable length, the attenuation accuracy of the test joint is high, and it is convenient for communication. At present, the length of one optical cable is about 2 3 km. In general terrain, communication can be ensured by using walkie talkie. If the optical cable has a corrugated steel strip protective layer, you can also use the magnet telephone to contact.The disadvantages of this test method are also obvious. Moving OTDR to each test point is labor-consuming and time-consuming, which is not conducive to the protection of instruments; The test points are also limited by the terrain, especially when the line is far away from the highway and the terrain is complex. Portable OTDR is selected for monitoring. The short-range test does not require high dynamic range of the instrument, and the small 0tdr has small volume, light weight and convenient movement, which can greatly reduce the workload of testers and improve the test speed and work efficiency.3.3 OTDR forward two-way test methodThe OTDR position is still the same as the "forward one-way" monitoring, but two optical fibers are respectively short circuited at the beginning of the connection direction to form a loop. This method can not only meet the optical fiber test of relay section, but also monitor the optical fiber connection. When testing the optical fiber in the relay section, the incident light pulse, reflected light pulse, joint point, fracture point, fault point and attenuation distribution curve can be clearly seen on the display screen of the optical time domain reflectometer. The OTDR test event type and display are shown in Figure 2, which can provide convenience for optical cable maintenance.When monitoring optical fiber connection, due to the increase of loopback point, the bidirectional value of connection loss can be measured on OTDR. The advantage of this method is that it can accurately evaluate the quality of the joint.Due to the test principle and optical fiber structure, there will be false gain and false large attenuation in one-way monitoring with OTDR. For an optical fiber connector, the mathematical average of attenuation values in two directions can accurately reflect its real attenuation value. For example, the attenuation of a connector measured from a to B is 0.16 dB, and that measured from B to a is -0.12 dB. In fact, the attenuation of this connector is [0.16 (- 0.12)] / 2 = 0.02 dB.4 ConclusionAs the main instrument of optical fiber communication,
5 Things You Need to Understand About Cable Length Testers
5 Things You Need to Understand About Cable Length Testers
WireMap - WireMap tests to ensure that the cables are connected from pin to pin according to the standard of connection. Testing the wiring of a UTP / Cat 5E / 6 / 6A cable with the full scope of the cable to check its performance is very important.This term is used by manufacturers and testers to mean that the cable is tested to pass one of the CAT 5E, 6 or 6A certifications, and the tester tests the standards set in the performance parameters.These are the standards that the testers use for those who want to check the quality of their cables. Professional network testers are used in commercial environments and are used to certify that professional cable installers are working properly. Certification audits are a way for installers to ensure that the cables that go into the network meet TIA and ISO requirements.These qualification testers meet the needs of network technicians who install new cabling not only but also to troubleshoot network operations. Professional testers have more skills when it comes to troubleshooting cables while maintaining high accuracy. Qualification testers conduct tests to determine whether existing cabling in a connection meets the requirements for fast Ethernet, 100base-TX, VoIP (VoIP) and Gigabit Ethernet.You can test the cable performance of your home network (telephone cable, fiber optic cable, etc.). With the help of a qualification tester. Test your network cables as best you can with a network cable tester to get the job done. By connecting both ends of the cable, the tester takes on the task of making an accurate measurement for you of whether your cable is working or not.If you make your own cables, such as installing our own RJ45 BNC ends, we want to ensure that the cables are properly wired. With patch cables of Cat 6 and 6A, which are more than 20m long, we test according to the 20m standard, because we do not have a program that limits the number of longest cables. If you need a transfer speed of 1 Gbit / s, check that the cable has the properties to support it.If we attach the cables separately, the cable tester will find out where the cables come from and he will show me where pins 1, 2, 3.4 and 5 are so that they are wired correctly. If there is a crossover cable, the pins 4 and 5 are not correctly wired : 1 / 3 is swapped, 2 / 6 is swapped and 2 / 6 is at the other end of swap 1 / 3.The purpose of one of these tests is to find out if the cable is within the ballpark length of the max switch test, and if so, fine. If I carry a full-length cable and the switch says it is 310, it is a stroke of luck and I read 347 as the specification. When I used the original simple tester, I noticed something about it, and it told us that we had a bad cable.Since the LAN's transmit high-speed signals through the cable, the attenuation of the cable is a variable frequency signal, and certification testers must test at multiple frequency lines at multiple frequencies as specified in the specification 568. To do this, the tester must have at least one of them calculated and recorded at the end of the cables (the transmitting and the receiving).The specification limits the return losses not only to the length of the connecting cable, but also to the way in which the same pass / fail limit applies to the length of the cable. If the short distance change is too small a limit to be a stroke of luck, I recommend that we test the limit by setting up a shorter cable to be tested. In the case of longer cables, the limitation to crosstalk is loosened in addition to the different length.Test tools do not provide bandwidth readiness information for high-speed data communication. Verification tools should include additional features such as a time domain reflection (TDR) to determine the length of cable and the distance to interrupt a short circuit. The device should export the test results to a printable format with the required documentation.Ethernet cable testers, whether they call themselves testers or testers, do not need to measure the entire range of ANSI or TIA performance indicators required to accelerate and certify an Ethernet cable. Some failed ones generate quasi-certification reports with test field parameters that require the use of a digital signal to perform the test. They have less insight into the cable length without warning of potential problems, such as edge termination, which can cause problems reaching 10 gigabits.Your cable test reports are generated by our Fluke DTX-1800 cable tester and associated Fluke Linkware software. In order to explain how they are created and the meaning of the values and diagrams shown in them, we need to go into the specifications a little.A cable tester is an electronic device used to check the electrical connection between a signal cable and other wires in a module. The most basic cable testers are through testers that check for the presence of a conductive path between the ends of a cable and check the correct cable connectors on the cable. More advanced cable testers measure cable signal transmission characteristics such as resistance, signal attenuation, noise and interference.A network cable tester is a revolutionary device designed to test cable connections for functionality and reliability. It is a must for network technicians, network testers, cable testers and other related work to this area. A simple wire harness is a battery-powered portable instrument that draws electricity from one or more voltage indicators in a switching / scanning arrangement and checks several conductors simultaneously.Nevertheless, network and cable testers in this industry are essential for homeowners because they can help avoid network problems and maintain home cable connections. A reliable cable and network tester is able to fix problems and help you identify cable problems and connection problems.In this post, Comptia Network Instructor Rick Trader shows some of the most popular cable testers and how to use them in a network configuration. Now that we have covered cable connectors, let's take a look at the tools we can use to test our various cables in our environment.
Why You Want a Cable Length Testers
Why You Want a Cable Length Testers
Today there are many different manufacturers and types of network cable testers on the market. Standard testers are used by those who want to check the quality of their cables. Bridge cables are a one-piece technology and are often used by certification testers as they can perform a greater variety of tests and there are short training videos on how to use them.Professional network testers are used in commercial environments and by certified professional cable installers at work. Professional testers have more skills when it comes to troubleshooting cables while maintaining a high level of accuracy. As an added bonus, professional testers allow you to track and archive your test results for future references.Some verification tools contain additional features such as a Time Domain Reflectometer (TDR) to determine the length of the cable and the distance between interruptions and short circuits. Some test tools do not provide information about bandwidth or suitability for high-speed data communication.There are many different types of network testers on the market today. LinkIQ cable network testers are easy to use, as explains Eric Webb, Fluke Network Product Manager in the video below. It shows how the settings can be used to perform a cable test with a network cable tester, save the results and upload them to link ware where they are available.To help you find the best network or cable tester for your use, I have compiled a list of test products that work well. The most obvious difference between a generic or standard tester and a professional tester is the brand cost, where professional network testers are more expensive than other testers.I came across the Elegiant Network Cable Tester while working on establishing a LAN connection for a local company. With my extensive experience as an electrician, I can say that this is the best tool for testing cable connections.Selecting, selecting and purchasing a suitable network cable tester can be a complicated and challenging task. However, there are some essential factors that consumers should consider when purchasing a good network cable tester and absolutely should consider, as they can make or break the tester you are buying.For example, suppose you are looking for a good Ethernet cable tester or Ethernet cable speed tester. Network cable testers are sensitive products that are exposed to various extreme elements, suggesting that you should get a tester with a long warranty. In this case, you should look at the reviews of the Ethernet cable testers from previous buyers, who can confirm the star rating of the products.These three basic tests are performed in accordance with the EIA standards for twisted pair cables, wire mapping and cable length for high-speed performance. Check that the signal is strong and fast enough to meet network performance requirements. If you are testing the cable length with a calibrated capacitive tester it is better to test with a time domain reflector tester, as it can measure the distance to the location where the error is displayed.Make sure that the two ends of the cable you want to test are not connected to a TV, cable distributor, or any other related device. Find the right cable and touch the cable to one or the other so that a beep is generated. Connect one end of the coaxial cable tester to the wall plate on your coaxial cable wall and point the other end to the tester so that the entire cable can be assembled.This situation is indistinguishable from a real insulation break when the triggering current is exceeded. As the length of the cable increases, its capacity is limited by the rise time. The shorter the rise time, the higher the voltage, and the larger the DV / DT, the greater the amount of current required to charge the cable (parasitic capacity). Increasing the wire resistance of a longer cable helps to slow the charging current but requires a minimum dwell time of 10 s to ensure that the full cable length is reached before the test voltage is performed (leak measurements).Dirty contacts, bad bruising, cable damage and poor quality can provide strange and wonderful reading results. In order to reach the test voltage without damaging the traction current, it should be taken care to adjust the voltage ramp to the length of the cable so that it slows down. Cami Research ramp tester has a ramp which can be adjusted from 150 V / s to 5,000 V / s.The flagship cable tester VDV-II Pro uses a TDR to measure cable length and provide distance and error information. A TDR works by injecting a signal into the cable and measuring the time the signal reflects an impedance change caused by a short circuit.Standard testers are manual, while professional testers work automatically. Automatic testers allow you to apply contrasting IA- and ISO-testing methods and highlight many individual tests to verify conformity.The PocketHornet comes standard with a limited warranty of 1-2 years, depending on the region. Customers in the EU receive a 2-year warranty, while others only receive a 1-year warranty. It is not a cable certification device, but conducts cable qualification and verification.There are various types of cables on the market, but the most popular and widely used cable for modern technology is the coaxial cable. This article describes how to test a coaxial cable signal with a multimeter in situations where the transmitter does not work well. We may receive a small commission if you purchase a product through our selected links but the price of the product remains the same.In a house with a wired network connected to the TV, the cable coming from the family room should connect to a cable modem or router upstairs. There are 2 cables in the family rooms, the one marked "upstairs" is connected to the office upstairs and the other "downstairs" to the basement.
A Brief Guide to Selecting Cable Length Testers
A Brief Guide to Selecting Cable Length Testers
The LinkRunner LTRA offers a variety of cable testing techniques, including TDR, wiremapping, office identification and toning. The LTRA is designed to help troubleshoot wiring problems such as excessive cable routing, cable breaks, wall panels, patch panels, etc. It uses a combination of TDR and resistance measurements to map the wire, measure cable length and detect anomalies such as short, open or split pairs.The LRAT can measure an accurate cable length of 100 m or less with an accuracy of plus or minus 2 m. It can also be used to test terminated cables connected to an internal cable mapping port (WMAP) or an external cable identification accessory, as well as undermined and open cables. For pre-assembled and non-assembled cables, the fault detection is accurate to within 0.8 m of the error distance.This tester is a wiremapper that checks connections for CAT 5E / 6 certification, but can also test performance at higher frequencies. The threshold for the low voltage resistance is set insulated for 5 mO to a contact resistance of 0.1 O. This is measured with an embedded resistance at 100 O (1 mO x 1) to achieve an accuracy of less than -0.1 o (5 mO).In fact, certification testers can test wire diagrams, length attenuation, and crosstalk from one connection to another, helping you troubleshoot and save the results in a printed report for the customer. Cable certification testers are automated, so it's so easy to get a pass or fail at the touch of a button. Installers use certification testers to test cables that are being laid.There are a large number of cable testers on the market today, which means that there may be the right device for your purposes. To help you find the best network cable tester for your use I have compiled a list of test products that work well. As someone with extensive experience as an electrician, I can say that the Elegiant Network Cable Tester is the best tool for testing cable connections.I came across the Elegiant Network Cable Tester while working on establishing a LAN connection for a local company. As a consumer, I used the handheld network cable tester with RJ11, RJ12, RJ45 for the Cat 3 types Cat 5E, Cat 6 and Cat 6A. The broad compatibility of the device does not complicate your work in the analysis of cable connections.Cable Prowler (tm) provides complete cable testing for all categories of network, coaxial and telephone cables. Selecting, selecting and purchasing a suitable network cable tester is a complicated and challenging task. Purchasing the right network cable tester can save you a lot of inconvenience and trouble.Includes low-voltage and high-voltage subsystems, HVX-compliant automation, enabling extended testing of insulation resistance, dielectric breakthrough, Zener diode breakthrough, voltage upgrade, 4-wire measurements, and advanced measurements. With the changing landscape of corporate cabling, there is a demand for testing equipment you can rely on. Hopefully this article has helped you choose the best network cable tester for your profession and field of work.Advanced measurement options provide increased x5 / 2 wire resistance resolution for backplane, complex networks, capacitors, wire pairs, capacitors, twist pairs, and cable length testing. Copper remains the first choice for telephone data and video lines. Integrated Intellitone digital / analog tones are located on the cable or wire pair in the active network.It is an expensive device that requires trained operators and many failures due to problems with the wirecard. Other crews use low-cost cable ties to ensure the connections are correct before the certification tester is turned on. Instead of letting the crew find and fix their own wiremap problems, tests and fixes can be made before the cable is installed, and tester costs are not wasted on simple problems.
Technical Specifications of Cable Fault Detector
Technical Specifications of Cable Fault Detector
1. Long test distance: 32km2. Detection blind area: 1m3. Reading resolution: 1m4. Power consumption: 5va5. Service conditions of cable fault detector: ambient temperature 0 ℃ 40 ℃ (limit temperature - 10 ℃ 50 ℃), relative humidity 40 ℃ (20 90)% RH atmospheric pressure (86 106) kpa6. Volume: 225 × one hundred and sixty-five × 125mm38. Weight: 2kg1 traditional cable fault detection method 1.1 measuring resistance bridge method this method has hardly changed for decades. For short circuit fault and low resistance fault, this method is very convenient. The bridge method is based on the principle that when the bridge is balanced, the product of the corresponding bridge arm resistance is equal, and the length of the cable is directly proportional to the resistance. 1.2 low voltage pulse reflection method low voltage pulse method, also known as time domain reflection method (TDR), means that the pulse reflector independently measures the low resistance and open circuit faults of the cable without passing through the high voltage impactor. 1.3 pulse voltage sampling method pulse voltage sampling method, also known as impulse high voltage flashover method, is a test method for measuring high resistance leakage and flashover faults. Firstly, the cable fault is broken down under the DC or pulse high voltage signal, and then the distance is measured by recording the time required for the discharge pulse to go back and forth between the measuring point and the fault point. Pulse voltage method mainly includes DC high voltage flashover (direct flashover method) and impulse high voltage flashover (impulse flashover method). 1.4 traditional method of cable fault location ①acoustic measurement method this method uses the breakdown and discharge sound of the fault point during high voltage impact to locate the * *. ② Dear customers: Hello, our company is a high-quality development group with strong technical force, providing high-quality products, complete solutions and superior technical services for the majority of users. The main products are high voltage cable fault tester, cable fault locator, intelligent cable fault tester, etc. The enterprise adheres to the tenet of building a business in good faith, keeping the business with quality and developing the business with enterprising. It continues to climb new peaks with a firmer pace and make contributions to the national automation industry. New and old customers are welcome to buy their favorite products at ease. We will serve you wholeheartedly!
Cable Grounding Troubleshooting and Precautions
Cable Grounding Troubleshooting and Precautions
There are three main reasons for cable grounding fault. First, cable manufacturing defects are unqualified products; Second, poor operating environment, natural aging and external damage; Third, the installation is not standardized and the wiring is rough. There is only one root cause of grounding fault --- the insulating material of the cable. China's large-scale ground power stations are generally located in the West. These places are generally desert, saline alkali land, large temperature difference in the daytime, serious rat damage and very humid environment. For cable buried laying, the filling and excavation requirements of cable trench are relatively high; The operating environment of the distributed power station cable is no better than that of the above ground. The cable will bear a very high temperature, which is measured and controlled by technicians. The roof temperature can even reach the high temperature of 100-110 ℃. The fire and flame retardant requirements of the cable and the high temperature have a great impact on the insulation breakdown voltage of the cable. Therefore, the following points should be considered in the type selection design: 1. The insulation performance of the cable 2. The moisture-proof, cold proof and weather resistance of the cable 3. The heat-resistant and flame-retardant performance of the cable 4. The laying mode of the cable 5. The conductor material of the cable (copper core, aluminum alloy core and aluminum core) 6. The Section specification of the cable
Introduction to Underground Pipeline Detector
Introduction to Underground Pipeline Detector
Classification of underground pipeline detectors 1. One category is to detect metal pipelines, electric / optical cables and some non-metallic pipelines with metal marker lines by using the principle of electromagnetic induction. This category is referred to as pipeline detectors for short. Advantages: fast detection speed, simple and intuitive, convenient operation and high sensitivity. Disadvantages: (underground pipeline detector) when detecting non-metallic pipelines, non-metallic probes must be used. This method is laborious and needs to invade the interior of the pipeline. 2. The other is to use electromagnetic wave to detect underground pipelines of all materials, which can also be used to find underground buried objects, commonly known as radar, also known as pipeline radar. Advantages: (underground pipeline detector) can detect pipelines of all materials. Disadvantages: high requirements for environment, poor sounding ability (it is difficult to check pipelines with deep buried depth), and high requirements for operator quality and experience. Any instrument is not superior and needs to be used together in order to give full play to their excellence. Traditionally, pipeline detectors only refer to pipeline detectors using the principle of electromagnetic induction, and also use * many instruments. Dear customers: Hello, our company is a high-quality development group with strong technical force to provide users with high-quality products Complete solutions and superior technical service companies. The enterprise adheres to the tenet of building a business in good faith, keeping the business with quality and developing the business with enterprising. It continues to climb new peaks with a firmer pace and make contributions to the national automation industry. New and old customers are welcome to buy their favorite products at ease. We will serve you wholeheartedly!
Working Principle of Live Cable Identification Instrument
Working Principle of Live Cable Identification Instrument
As the running live cable is not allowed to damage any grounding wire and other connecting wires, nor is it allowed to directly add the output signal of the live cable identifier transmitter to the cable phase line with high voltage. Two difficult problems need to be solved for live cable identification. One is how to couple the cable identification signal to the cable; Second, the coupled signal is generally small, and the operating cable may have 50Hz power frequency electromagnetic interference composed of 50Hz unbalanced current, induced 50Hz interference current, cable distributed capacitance current, etc. the high-sensitivity receiving caliper has the problem of how to resist 50Hz power frequency interference. The charged cable identification instrument developed by US adopts single chip microcomputer coding and decoding technology and PSK technology widely used in the field of communication. The phase coded signal with an average value of 0 is transmitted on the transmitting caliper, and the single chip microcomputer in the receiving caliper performs phase identification after filtering the received signal by hardware and software. When the receiving caliper cards the cable according to the current direction, the identified cable ammeter deviates to the right, accompanied by audible and visual indication. The current direction of other cables is opposite to that of the identified cable, and the ammeter pointer deviates to the left. No audible and visual indication. This reflects the uniqueness of the identified target cable. It is easy to distinguish the identified cable from multiple cables. In addition, since the signal current strength on the identified cable is the same throughout the line, the electromagnetic signal strength received by the receiving caliper along the cable is the same. In principle, the identified cable is not limited by the length of the identified cable. Dear customers: Hello, our company is a high-quality development group with strong technical force, providing users with high-quality products, complete solutions and superior technical services. The main products are high voltage cable fault tester, cable fault tester, underground cable fault tester, etc. The enterprise adheres to the tenet of building a business in good faith, keeping the business with quality and developing the business with enterprising. It continues to climb new peaks with a firmer pace and make contributions to the national automation industry. New and old customers are welcome to buy their favorite products at ease. We will serve you wholeheartedly!
Tips to Clean Stainless Fiber Optical Tester
Tips to Clean Stainless Fiber Optical Tester
Dry plug cleaners (also known as click cartridges) can be cleaned by slight contamination. However, connectors can be charged during drying, and this method can attract additional impurities.Laboratory tests have shown the attraction of metal powders to optical connectors that are electrically charged after being wiped with the dry tissue of a typical fiberglass cleaner cassette style (Berdinskikh, Fisenko, Daniel, Bragg & Phillips, 2003 ). Dry wiping creates a static charge which can attract contaminants onto the plug after cleaning (IEC TR 62627-01, 2010, p. Similar contamination can also occur in the practice of front surfaces on non-cleaned surfaces that are cleaned during the dry cleaning process.The static charge of dry cleaning can be reduced by exposing cleaned connectors and the end face during the cleaning process to deionized air for 5-10 seconds. Dry cleaning, however, hardens the contamination and requires additional pressure from the operator, which can lead to surface scratches that can cause permanent damage to the end face.The only way you can guarantee that your connectors will do their job is to thoroughly inspect and clean them. Once the fiber optic connectors are cleaned, it is best to reconnect them and cover them with a cap to ensure that they are not dirty.Owners of fiber networks should explore their options for cleaning fiber connections and choose the method that best suits their business. It is essential to inspect and, if necessary, clean the fiber optic connections before mating.Choose from cleaners for many types of appliances such as SC, ST, FC, LC, and Mu (clinking cloths) designed for multiple applications. This one-put-cleaner is designed to clean male connectors, female bulkheads, adapters, fiber optic patches, cables and testing equipment. It also cleans the end faces of the ferrule to remove dust, oil and other impurities from scratches on the end faces.The F offers several types of slide-in cleaners including a push-in cleaner for LC and Mu (1.25 mm ferrule), a push-in cleaner for SC, ST, FC and LSH (2.5 mm ferrule) and a push-in cleaner for MTP and MPO connectors.The easiest way to clean your test port is to use Quick Clean (tm) Cleaner. A handheld connector removes dirt, dust, oil, grease and dirt from the front of the connector.The CKF Fiber Optic Cleaning Kit includes our TravelSafe Fiber Connector Cleaner (FCS3), Plug Cleaning Pen (MCC25), Lint-Free Wipe (LFW90) and Hand Connector Cleaner (FCC 7020) and Replacement Roll (FCC 7021). Many products use the procedures shown in the Fiber Cleaning Techniques tab. The following hints are helpful to pay attention when cleaning connectors.IPA alcohol can be used to clean fiber optic connectors, but is not the best solution to clean them. An optical cleaning fluid to clean the fiber optic connection is the better choice. It will help to clean the connectors without the risk of damage.Calculating a force of 2.2lbs per 200mm will bring you to 45,000 psi, so contaminated migration in dusty environments should not be a problem. You do not have to worry about dust residues contaminating migration, as there is no physical contact with the plug and it is cleaned during the mating process. The best way to avoid the risk of contaminated migration is to clean the uncovered plug and cable assembly with a wipe and then glue the cleaner to the plug that is in the adapter.Several fibers are installed in its own sheath to separate from the buffer tube, and these fibers are surrounded by a common sheath. Scattering light causes a change in the refractive index of the fiber used, and the Bragg grid distributes the Bragg reflector. Coherent fibers are bundles of fibres arranged in the same way at the end of the transmitted images and are used to protect the fiber optic cable from physical damage by mechanical insulation. See macro bends for a small radius around the fiber optic cable so that it can be bent without excessive attenuation or breakage. This type of fiber optic connector consists of two tapered, ferrule-shaped receptacles that work in both directions.Please contact me if you need additional photos or information about this high-end upgrade. Silver Bird Bangle Bracelet sterling silver square hammer bangle with cute market of things that do not fit into your handbag, spare shoes or your tablet. Archive quality dry ink, inch cut surface, stainless steel cheese tool with rubber wood handle including fork tip, cheese knife, VFL visual troubleshooting, 20MW fiber optic cable tester, 650nm CatV, custom longboard, croozerboard, etc.Contamination of the fibre-optic end surfaces remains the main cause of problems with the fibre-optic network. Look at your face and follow the golden rule of inspecting, cleaning and re-inspecting. After cleaning, do not forget to inspect the front face. It only takes one second for a network to have Fi-7000 FiberInspector Pro certified front face according to IEC 61300 3: 35 standard.A digital microscope is a normal hand-held microscope to which a camera is added. The usual magnification range is 100x to 800x, but the most popular magnifications are 400x and 200x for this task. The latter is a better choice because you can see more of the area being inspected.
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