What Is Coaxial Cable Locator?

What Is Coaxial Cable Locator?

2021-10-03
NOYAFA
9

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With the intimate understanding of the needs of the customers and the markets, SHENZHEN NOYAFA ELECTRONIC CO.,LIMITED has developed coaxial cable locator that is reliable in performance and flexible in design. We carefully control each step of its manufacturing process at our facilities. This approach has proven to have significant advantages in terms of quality and performance shaping.As we continue to establish new customers for NOYAFA in the global market, we stay focused on meeting their needs. We know that losing customers is much easier than getting customers. So we conduct customer surveys to find out what they like and dislike about our products. Talk to them personally and ask them what they think. In this way, we have established a solid customer base globally.We are committed to providing the very best service with a total focus on customer needs and expectations. At Best Cable Tester Supplier in China _ Noyafa, for your requirements on coaxial cable locator, we put them in action and meet your budget and your schedule.
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Take Measures to Prevent Cable Failure
Take Measures to Prevent Cable Failure
According to the cause analysis of insulation, accessories and outer sheath faults, it can be seen that the cable line project is a systematic project. Only by managing the whole process from the aspects of design, construction, operation and maintenance can its safe operation be guaranteed to the greatest extent. (1) From the beginning of the design, the grounding system used by the cable shall be fully understood, and the cable conforming to its voltage level shall be selected to avoid the cable working under long-term overvoltage. The selection of outer sheath shall meet the requirements of service environment and service life. At the same time, the selection of cable sheath protector shall meet the principle that the protector can reliably pass through the grounding current without damage during relative grounding. (2) The selection of cable route shall avoid the influence of external environment such as overheating, corrosion and external force damage on the cable. At the same time, it shall also avoid the influence of internal factors causing overheating due to too concentrated cable laying, resulting in the failure of timely diffusion of heat. In addition, the cable path of double circuit power supply is not recommended to be laid in the pipeline of the same path to prevent simultaneous damage and large-area power failure. (3) Strengthen the selection of cables and cable accessories, manufacturer supervision, arrival acceptance and other work to ensure the quality level of cables and cable accessories. During the on-site inspection, the manufacturer, the construction party, the supervisor and the project competent department shall be present, check one by one according to the packing list, timely record the problems found and put forward rectification suggestions, which shall be signed and approved by many parties. After the inspection, the parts susceptible to moisture shall be sealed in time to prevent moisture from affecting normal use. (4) Strengthen personnel training, conduct necessary business qualification and technical evaluation for cable head fabrication personnel, and work with certificates. In case of two consecutive failures due to manufacturing reasons within the warranty period, the cable head manufacturing qualification shall be cancelled, and it can be re employed only after passing the re training and assessment. (5) Strengthen the acceptance of concealed works and intermediate links in all links of cable engineering, strictly control the quality acceptance, thoroughly rectify the defects and hidden dangers found in the acceptance of civil engineering, electrical and other projects, make various records, and leave photos, films and other materials if necessary. (6) Advanced on-line monitoring technologies such as outer sheath circulation on-line monitoring technology, on-line optical fiber temperature measurement technology and on-line partial discharge detection technology are used to strengthen the real-time on-line operation monitoring of cables, find hidden defects in advance and avoid power failure.
Introduction to Technical Indexes and Characteristics of Cable Identification Instrument
Introduction to Technical Indexes and Characteristics of Cable Identification Instrument
Today, we will give you the technical indicators and technical characteristics of popular science cable recognizer. Friends interested in this aspect can refer to this article. Come with Xiaobian. It is a common technical problem for power cable engineers and cable workers to accurately identify one of the target cables from a bundle of cables. This sometimes requires not only professional cable identification equipment, but also rich experience of staff. The purpose of the cable identification instrument is to avoid serious accidents caused by sawing live cables by mistake. The cable identification requires professionals to ensure that the double number of cable equipment is accurate from both ends of the cable. No matter how reliable the memory of on-site staff is, it can not replace the identification of professional instruments. Cable identification instrument is a special instrument developed according to the special needs of cable application. It is used to identify the power cut cables from a bundle of cables in cable management, erection, migration, maintenance and fault treatment. For the cable maintenance industry, the cable identification instrument is a very familiar instrument. It is indispensable to use this product in the installation and maintenance of power cables. The main reason is that it can help us provide accurate measurement data. The cable identification instrument consists of a signal generator, a receiving identification clamp and an indicator. When using the receiving identification clamp signal detector, the signals detected on other cable lines are much smaller and in the opposite direction. It is easy to determine the tested cable by indicating the amplitude and direction by the electric meter. Let's take a look at its main technical indicators. 1. Detection route and farthest fault location distance: 3km for cables with diameter less than 0.5, and 20km for other cables. 2. Fault insulation resistance at accurate point: 0-50m & omega;. 3. Positioning test accuracy: 10cm. 4. Detection cable depth: 3M technical features: 1. The transmitter and receiver of the complete cable identification instrument are powered by battery, which completely gets rid of the dependence on 220V mains power and is more conducive to field work. 2. The cable identification receiving coupling clamp adopts flexible clamp, which is more conducive to the occasions with dense cables and heavy cables. 3. Large screen color LCD display and voice prompt are adopted on the display interface, which improves the efficiency in cable recognition and is simple and easy to operate.
Free Wire Tracker, Free Wire Tracker Software
Free Wire Tracker, Free Wire Tracker Software
Here is a list of the best tools for monitoring your emails.No need to send email notifications through other app when you want to track your emails. Check out the following list for all your email tracking needs.Section topic: Best Email Tracking ToolsIntroduction: In this section we have compiled a list of some well-known, popular and professional tools for any type of email tracking needs.There's an email tracking service by the name of WebTrack. It's a useful tool to monitor your emails and all kinds of information can be tracked through it.Section topic: Should I delete my Facebook account?Introduction: Some people choose to delete their Facebook account when they no longer want to use it, when they feel that it is no longer useful to them. However, there are people who delete their accounts when they do not have any intention in doing so. This is because deleting your account gives you the right to control over all your data, including photos and messages sent or received through Facebook. This article will discuss why this might be a good decision for you and how much you should keep using your Facebook account as well as whether or not you should delete yours altogether.The best way to monitor your emails is to use a tool like Wire Tracker. It helps you track your emails and see what the actual content looks like.For you to know the number of emails you receive, you can use a tool to monitor them. This will show you your most important email and its time of delivery.This section will be dedicated to a specific topic. We will discuss the best tools that are available and which one should be used for tracking content wire.But what is a wire tracker? A wire tracker is a computer lens that you can use to scan photos and video for keywords. Once you have found relevant keywords, you can send them to the appropriate marketing channels in order to generate new leads.We can track our emails with the help of a tool called Wire Tracker. It offers to track your emails from the sender and then save all those received messages to a database for further analysis.A wire tracker is a system to record and track the conversations that are happening in a specific topic. It can be used as a product development tool, to monitor customer satisfaction or success of projects and also for internal communications.The best wire tracker is a person who can make sure that every email is sent correctly. The best wire tracker has the ability to identify and read every email and ensure that it's sent on time.The best wire tracker should be an experienced professional who has extensive knowledge on email marketing campaigns.Wire Tracker is a service that helps organizations to identify who their customers are – based on demographics, location, and other relevant data.When you have a large email list, it can be hard to keep track of all your email messages.A well written email is a great way to put the reader on alert with relevant and useful content. But it is also a much easier task to do than managing the inbox. Luckily, there is an easy solution for that - A good Wire Tracker.This is the most popular content writing tool that helps companies create and manage material for their websites.Wire Tracker is a great tool if you want to keep track of who has written your content, when, and whether they are using it. It allows you to schedule content creation based on deadlines so that you can target individuals for digital marketing campaigns. It also helps to organize your data, organizes notes and provides a dashboard where you can see all of your content management activities at one place.The best wire tracker will allow you to track all of your content, by providing a simple interface. You will be able to quickly find any content that you may have written in the past while you are tracking.Section topic: Best Wire Tracker, and the Best Free Wire TrackerIntroduction: The best free wire tracker will allow you to track all of your content, by providing a simple interface. You will be able to quickly find any content that you may have written in the past while you are tracking.
Instructions for Use of Cable Fault Tester
Instructions for Use of Cable Fault Tester
When using the cable fault tester, we should first look at some simple waveform diagrams to analyze different cable faults, and then find out the fault points through the corresponding methods. The following is our simple analysis and description. 1. Test the low resistance grounding, short circuit and open circuit faults of the cable with the low voltage pulse method. A. no other auxiliary equipment is needed at this time. A clip wire is directly connected to the input and output interface of the cable fault location host. Clamp the red clamp of the clamp wire on the faulty phase core wire of the faulty cable, and the Black clamp on the sheath ground wire of the cable. B. Start the power switch of the instrument, the screen saver picture will appear on the screen, and click to enter the interface automatically. At this time, the default state of the instrument is "low voltage pulse method". The use method shall be selected according to the type and length of the tested cable on site and the fault nature preliminarily judged. When it is set to "low voltage pulse method", wave velocity measurement can also be carried out on this interface, and historical files can be opened to view previous test results. C. After setting the equipment parameters, click the "sampling" button, and the instrument will automatically send out test pulses. This interface will display the (open circuit) full-length waveform of the cable (as shown in Figure 5) or the low resistance grounding (short circuit) fault waveform (as shown in Figure 6). If the waveform is not good, the operator shall adjust the "median" and "amplitude" and observe the collected echo until the operator thinks that the amplitude and position of the echo are suitable for analysis and positioning. Basic information such as instrument parameter setting is also displayed at the bottom of the screen. During operation, pay attention to the operation status at the bottom of the screen. D. Waveform positioning reading distance. It is easy to judge the distance of low-voltage pulse, as long as the cursor is positioned to the starting point of transmitted and reflected waves respectively. E. When "saving", the test results need to be retained or reserved for comparison. The "saving" function in the instrument should be used to save the measured waveform in the instrument database. If the tester thinks it is necessary to save the test results, he can click "save" and operate according to the prompt in the submenu. 2. The high resistance leakage fault (including high resistance flashover fault) of the cable is tested by the impact high voltage flashover method. The instrument can test the high resistance leakage fault of the cable by the impact high voltage flashover method. Impulse high voltage flashover method is a popular traditional detection method in China. Many users are used to this method. The external circuit is relatively simple, but the waveform analysis is more difficult. Only on the basis of a large number of tests and some experience can we master it skillfully, but it is still an effective test method. Connect the current sampler attached to the instrument with the host with the signal wire and place it next to the grounding wire between the cable and the high-voltage equipment. As long as the output voltage of the impulse high voltage generator is high enough, the fault point will be broken down under the impulse of this impulse high voltage, and the radio wave reflection will be generated in the cable. The current sampler transmits the induced reflected wave obtained from the current signal on the ground wire through magnetic coupling to the cable fault location host for a / D sampling and data processing, and displays the collected waveform on the screen for fault distance analysis. After the cable type and sampling frequency are determined, you can click the "sampling" button to wait for sampling. Once the high-voltage generator has impulse high-voltage flashover, the instrument will automatically carry out data acquisition and waveform display. The red waveform at the top of the screen is the waveform after local amplification, and the blue waveform at the bottom is the full picture of the test waveform. When the ideal waveform is collected, the "waveform scaling" and displacement and moving cursor can be operated to calibrate the fault distance. The operation method is consistent with the low-voltage pulse method. 3. Wave velocity measurement cables produced by different manufacturers, although the models are the same, the differences in process and medium formula will lead to the differences in radio wave propagation velocity. If the average wave propagation speed given by the instrument is directly used, it will cause a certain test error. In order to test the fault distance more accurately, it is often necessary to recheck (test) the radio wave propagation speed of the cable.
Correct Opening Method of Cable Fault Tester
Correct Opening Method of Cable Fault Tester
Why can't the fault point be found when using the cable fault tester? What is the correct opening method of cable fault tester? We need to understand some common problems of cable fault first, and then effectively solve the fault problems according to different problems. With the development of China's power system, the laying of high-voltage cables is becoming more and more common. Basically, the cables connected between distribution stations are very long. As long as the cables fail, it is very difficult to troubleshoot, and most of them are buried cables, which is difficult to judge. At this time, we need a cable fault tester to judge the correct fault point for us, So that we can quickly restore the power supply, we can analyze the problem according to several common cable faults. Cable faults are commonly divided into high resistance short circuit fault, phase to phase short circuit fault, low resistance fault, flashover fault and other common faults on site. 1. The low voltage pulse reflection method is applicable to low resistance (less than 10 times of wave impedance), grounding and open circuit faults, and can test the full length of the cable and the propagation speed of radio waves in the cable. In case of low resistance or grounding fault of the cable, the equivalent impedance at the cable fault point shall be the parallel connection of fault resistance and cable characteristic impedance. The smaller the cable fault resistance is, the more obvious the reflected waveform is. When the cable fault resistance is zero, it is total reflection. Because the equivalent impedance at the test end (input impedance of the test instrument) is greater than the characteristic impedance of the cable, the same polarity reflection pulse is generated at the test end. At the low resistance or ground fault, because the fault resistance is less than the cable characteristic impedance, the incident pulse generates the reverse polarity pulse after the fault point and transmits it to the test end. The falling edge of the received reverse polarity pulse corresponds to the reflected waveform of the cable fault point. In case of open circuit fault of cable, the equivalent impedance of cable fault is the series of fault resistance and cable characteristic impedance. Open circuit is equivalent to infinite fault resistance. In this case, the incident pulse will form total reflection, and the reflection pulse of the same polarity will be generated at the test end. The rising edge of the received pulse of the same polarity corresponds to the reflection waveform at the fault point. 2. First, use a certain voltage level The high voltage pulse with certain energy is applied to the faulty cable at the test end of the cable, causing breakdown and arcing at the high resistance fault point of the cable. At the same time, add the low-voltage pulse for measurement at the test end. When the measurement pulse reaches the high resistance fault point of the cable, it encounters an arc and reflects on the surface of the arc. When arcing, the high resistance fault becomes an instantaneous short-circuit fault, and the low-voltage measurement pulse will change obviously in impedance characteristics, so that the waveform of flashover measurement becomes a low-voltage pulse short-circuit waveform, making the waveform discrimination particularly simple and clear. This is what we call the "secondary pulse method". The received low-voltage pulse reflection waveform is equivalent to the waveform of a wire core completely short circuited to ground. Superimpose the low-voltage pulse waveform obtained when releasing the high-voltage pulse and when not releasing the high-voltage pulse. The two waveforms will have a divergence point, which is the reflected waveform point of the cable fault point. This method combines low-voltage pulse method with high-voltage flashover technology, which makes it easier for testers to judge the location of cable fault point. Compared with the traditional cable fault test method, the advantage of the secondary pulse method is to simplify the complex waveform in the impulse high-voltage flashover method into the low-voltage pulse short-circuit fault waveform, so the interpretation is very simple and the fault distance can be accurately calibrated. 3. The triple pulse method adopts the double impact method to prolong the arc burning time and stabilize the arc, which can easily locate the high resistance fault and flashover fault. The triple pulse method has advanced technology, simple operation, clear waveform and fast and accurate positioning. At present, it has become the mainstream positioning method of high resistance fault and flashover fault. The third pulse method is an upgrade of the second pulse method. The method is to first measure the reflected waveform of the low-voltage pulse without breaking through the fault point of the measured cable, then impact the fault point of the cable with the high-voltage pulse to generate an arc, trigger the medium voltage pulse when the arc voltage drops to a certain value to stabilize and prolong the arc time, and then send the low-voltage pulse, Thus, the reflected waveform of the fault point is obtained. After the superposition of the two waveforms, it can also be found that the divergence point is the corresponding position of the fault point. Because the medium voltage pulse is used to stabilize and prolong the arc time, it is easier to find the fault point waveform than the secondary pulse method. The cable fault tester often has to solve the following problems: 1. The diversity and complexity of cable faults determine that the cable fault tester needs complete functions and diverse test methods. 2. 2. To solve the fault, many instruments should be used together in order to achieve the result of solving the fault. 3. Different test methods are needed for cable insulation, fault location and different faults. 4. Sometimes the difficulty of cable fault test lies in the snow with a thickness of more than one meter and bad weather (the temperature is more than minus 20 degrees), which is also a test for underground cable detectors and testers to pass the above understanding. I believe you basically have some general and judgment on the cable fault problem and how to use the cable fault tester normally.
Configuration and Management of Cable Fault Tester
Configuration and Management of Cable Fault Tester
With the development of the times, the use of electricity has also developed. Now electricity is everywhere around us. Electricity is transmitted to various places through cables, which provides great convenience for our life and work. Subsequently, the production of cables is becoming more and more perfect, and the types of instruments used to detect cables - cable fault tester are becoming more and more abundant. Today, let's talk about the configuration and management of cable fault tester. With the production scale, type and sales volume of cable manufacturers increasing year by year. As the cable fault is divided into high resistance value, low resistance value, broken line fault and composite fault, the cable fault tester sold on the market is generally configured in sets of high and low voltage, including many components and accessories. A set of equipment components are as few as 5-6 pieces and as many as 10-11 pieces. As a cable manufacturer, it is necessary to timely locate and deal with various cable faults in the factory production process to ensure the timely delivery of products; At the same time, it is also necessary to consider the location of sudden cable faults after the cable laying at the customer's site or during operation. Therefore, as a cable manufacturer, when purchasing the cable fault tester, it mostly adopts the complete set of high and low voltage procurement configuration. In case of direct buried cable fault location at the customer's site, the handling and transportation of the complete set of equipment must be transported by a special cable fault detection vehicle to ensure the quality of transportation. At present, the cable fault testers sold on the market are mainly divided into two categories. One is the cable fault tester designed based on the principle of echo method: mainly including intelligent waveform detection analyzer, conductor instrument and DC high-voltage generator, including console and DC dual-purpose high-voltage test transformer, electric container, ball gap, pointing instrument, etc. The other is a cable fault tester designed and manufactured according to the principle of electric bridge method: the components mainly include fault locator, capacitor, ball gap, pointing instrument, etc. The above two instruments for detecting cable faults are both coarse side positioning part and accurate positioning part of cable faults. When used at the production site and customer service site, the cable fault tester often needs frequent transportation or long-distance transportation. In order to ensure the normal transportation and use of cable fault tester, the daily maintenance and management of cable fault tester is particularly important. At the same time, the actual use frequency of cable fault tester is not high. Therefore, the probability of equipment failure during transportation is not very high. Optical cable fault detector is a kind of precision and valuable equipment. In order to ensure the integrity of the actual use of the equipment, as a cable manufacturer who purchases and uses the cable fault tester, the actual use of the cable fault tester must be subject to daily maintenance and management, so as to give full play to its role at the critical moment of cable fault in production and customer site, Ensure timely delivery of products and rapid resolution of cable faults at customer site. The following suggestions are put forward for the daily maintenance and management of the cable fault tester: the user of the cable fault tester must receive professional training to ensure the safe use of the equipment and prevent damage and electric shock during the use of the equipment. Establish the equipment account for the use of cable fault tester, designate a special person for the use and management of cable fault tester, and have a proper fixed place for storage and management. Before using the cable fault tester every time, the quantity, integrity, user and service time of each component of the cable fault tester shall be strictly checked and recorded. File the equipment with a debit note. After the cable fault tester is returned to the factory or workshop for use, a secondary point inspection must be carried out. The number of points shall include the number of equipment and the number of all accessories. The integrity of the equipment shall be checked before acceptance. In case of equipment failure and missing accessories, it shall be handled in time, and the corresponding economic losses shall be investigated to ensure that the equipment is in good condition before use, And signed by the user and the manager for confirmation.
What Are the Components of the Underground Pipeline Detector
What Are the Components of the Underground Pipeline Detector
The underground pipeline detector can quickly and accurately detect the location, direction and depth of underground water pipelines, metal pipelines and cables, as well as the location and size of damage points of anti-corrosion coatings of steel pipelines without damaging the ground covering soil. It is one of the necessary instruments for the transformation, maintenance and general survey of underground pipelines in water supply companies, gas companies, railway communications, industrial and mining and infrastructure units. Explain the components of underground pipeline detector 1. High voltage source: used to support discharge; Raise the DC and AC power supply to 3 4KV high voltage, the current is about 20mA high voltage power supply, and the other is 20kHz or 40KHz high frequency power supply. 2. Discharge electrode: send out high-voltage arc to melt the optical fiber; A pair of electrodes * * in a 30 degree conical shape are processed from gold tungsten rods and installed on the electrode frame. The electrode * * spacing is generally 0.7mm; When the high-voltage source is connected, an arc will be generated to fuse the optical fiber at the center of the arc. The service life of the electrode is generally 4000 times. If the electrode is consumed excessively and continues to be used, the connection loss will be increased. Underground pipeline detector 3. Optical fiber regulating device: used to align the optical fiber; The fine adjustment of the V-groove is realized by a spiral micrometer installed at the end of the long benchmark. The optical fiber placed in the v-lane slot is fixed by the mechanical pressing plate. The fine adjustment of the X and Y directions and the Z axis of the optical fiber are orthogonal to each other. The fine adjustment range is more than ± 10um and the adjustment accuracy is ± 0.1mm. Slide rail of optical fiber welding machine 4. Controller: system algorithm processing; It includes telepresence unit and microprocessor, which is used to complete automatic adjustment, pre fusion, fusion and connection loss estimation. 5. Microscope (optical system): used to help observe the state of optical fiber and welding quality. 6. Underground pipeline detector heater (heat furnace): it is used to heat shrink the heat shrink pipe and increase the strength of optical fiber connection.
Precautions for Optical Fiber Test and Installation
Precautions for Optical Fiber Test and Installation
Although optical brazing can provide a large bandwidth, its performance will be compromised if it is not deployed properly. Therefore, for enterprises with optical brazing needs, the author has the following suggestions.1、 Try to avoid macro and micro musicOptical brazing, like ordinary network cables, will also have signal degradation. Network cable is mainly caused by signal decay due to distance, while for optical fiber, it is mainly caused by improper installation. For example, if the optical fiber is stretched or bent too much, it may cause the fiber core to crack and have small cracks. A direct consequence of this is that light will scatter, resulting in signal attenuation. In addition, if the bending angle of the optical fiber is too large, the incident angle of the optical fiber contacting the core cladding interface will be changed. This makes the incident angle less than the critical angle of the total reflection angle. Note that at the bend, some optical signals cannot be reflected, but refracted into the covering layer and lost directly. Reflection, refraction, these professional terms may be difficult for readers to understand. In short, when deploying optical fiber, network administrators need to avoid the following two situations as far as possible.One is Hongqu. Macro area generally refers to the bending visible to the naked eye. Gently pull the optical fiber, you can see that the optical fiber is broken and sunk, as if it had been pressed by a heavy object. When the administrator accidentally bends the optical fiber, part of the light exceeds the critical angle, resulting in the light leaking out of the fiber core and into the covering layer. In general, once the light enters the cladding, it is difficult to return to the core again (even if it can, it is abandoned because the cost is too high). Usually, it will leak out directly through the buffer layer.The second is micro music. Micro bending and macro bending have the same reasons, which will cause the optical signal to exceed the critical angle and leak out of the fiber core. However, the external performance is different. The existence of Hongqu can generally be judged by the naked eye. In case of micro curvature, the amplitude of occurrence is very small, which is difficult to be found by the naked eye. In other words, general bending (such as rounding the optical fiber) does not necessarily lead to micro bending. Only bending under certain conditions can lead to micro bending.So in practice, how to avoid these two situations? A relatively simple method is not to press heavy objects on the optical fiber. Because of the long-term backlog of heavy objects, it is easy to cause optical fiber deformation, macro bending phenomenon and affect the transmission of optical fiber signal. In addition, when deploying optical fiber network, it is best to carefully observe the appearance of optical fiber. Because if macro music occurs, the appearance is obvious, which can be seen directly from the appearance (obvious backlog traces). If so, it's best to abandon this and optical fiber.Secondly, because the micro curvature is difficult to be observed by the naked eye, the help of the instrument may be needed at this time. Connect a test instrument at both ends of the optical fiber, and then you can check the attenuation degree of the optical fiber. If it is within the range allowed by the user, there is no problem if a little macro or micro music occurs. However, if its performance has been seriously affected, the optical fiber needs to be replaced.2、 Pay attention to whether there is an inner tube when purchasing optical fiberThe attenuation of optical fiber signal is largely related to its installation. Improper installation may lead to micro bending or macro bending. In order to avoid this situation as much as possible, many optical fiber manufacturers will add a layer of "inner tube" material to the optical fiber. The utility model relates to a material for stretching pipes, which can effectively avoid excessive bending of optical fibers.In terms of hardness, the inner tube is much harder than the optical fiber, so it is not easy to be excessively bent. Therefore, the optical fiber protected by the inner tube is usually not easy to bend. According to the laboratory test results, it can be found that the inner tube can indeed protect the optical fiber. It can not only improve the tensile amplitude of the optical fiber, but also ensure that the bending optical fiber is not too large. Of course, due to the addition of an inner tube, the cost will be much higher. Therefore, not every brand of optical fiber will do so. Enterprises need to pay attention to this problem when purchasing optical fiber.3、 Pay attention to the smoothness of both ends during installationThe process of installing optical fiber is much more complex than that of installing ordinary network cable. When installing the optical fiber, both ends of the optical fiber need to be cut. In addition, the smoothness of both ends must be ensured (usually, the smoothness of the end can be ensured by polishing and other means). If the terminal is not smooth, it will lead to signal attenuation. If the network administrator has the conditions, it is better to use a microscope or built-in amplification instrument to detect the smoothness of the optical fiber end to judge its smoothness. In short, it is necessary to ensure that both ends of the optical fiber are properly polished and shaped.After ensuring that both ends are smooth, carefully install the joints at both ends. The installation of this joint is also a technical work. Because if there is an error in the installation of the interface, such as improper splicing, or splicing two optical fibers with inconsistent dimensions together, the intensity of the optical signal will be reduced to a great extent. In general, optical fibers with different sizes are not recommended.After the optical fiber connector is connected, certain protective measures need to be taken. This is mainly because this part is the most likely place to cause signal leakage. If the end is dusty and unclean, it will cause great attenuation when the light reaches the receiver. Make sure that the connectors and fiber ends are clean if necessary. If necessary, it is also necessary to cover the end of the optical fiber with a protective film to prevent damage. Moreover, when connecting the optical fiber to the interface of the router or switch, it needs to be cleaned again. The cleaning method is relatively simple. Generally, you only need to wipe it with alcohol free lens paper. In order to avoid dust pollution, if there is an optical fiber interface on network equipment such as switches and routers, certain protective measures need to be taken when they are not used at ordinary times. If the port is covered, prevent dust from entering. When it is reused, it needs to be cleaned again. The cleaning method is the same as that of cleaning the joint. You only need to wipe it with special paper.4、 After installation, test and calculate the light lossEven if the deployment method is the most appropriate or the optical fiber is the best, it is still difficult to avoid the loss of optical signal in the end, but the degree of loss is different. If the loss degree of the optical signal is within the range that the user can tolerate, then it can. On the contrary, after the maximum limit of this user has been exceeded, it is necessary to analyze the causes and take corresponding measures.In practice, the unit of optical signal loss is measured by decibels (note that this is not a unit of sound). This unit indicates what percentage of the energy emitted by the transmitter is received by the receiver. Generally, you need to test after the first installation and confirm with the user whether you can accept this value. Note that this value needs to be recorded. This value needs to be used for reference in future maintenance. If it is found that the transmission performance of network data decreases in the process of use in the future. At this point, the administrator needs to retest it. If the test value is found to be the same as the original value, it means that there is no problem with the optical fiber, which is caused by the enterprise's own network. For example, it may be caused by the increase of data volume or the change of network architecture. It is necessary to optimize the enterprise's network. On the contrary, if the optical energy loss is found to be greater than the original, the problem that it may be an optical fiber or an optical fiber receiver transmitter must be considered. Check whether the protective layer of the optical fiber is damaged or whether there is a lot of dust on the interface, etc. It can be seen that the test of this optical fiber is very important. During the first test, the data obtained must be recorded in detail as the basis for future optical fiber maintenance and network optimization.
Application Scope of Underground Pipeline Detector
Application Scope of Underground Pipeline Detector
Underground pipeline detection method is one of the commonly used geophysical detection methods. Generally, there are two methods: the first is to use DC detection method for geophysical detection. Specifically, in the process of detection, two power supply electrodes are mainly used for corresponding DC power supply, and a power supply cycle is formed underground, Through the circulating power supply to ensure the measurement of underground current density, we can effectively judge the specific location of buried metal pipelines. Generally, the detection using this method is mainly based on the corresponding metal pipeline. This method is based on the difference of current density. Generally, the most commonly used method of this technology is the high-density resistivity method for corresponding measurement. For example, during the measurement of underground pipelines in a city, the direct current detection method is used for geophysical detection, and the location of metal pipelines in concrete materials is effectively found; The second method is to use the alternating current detection method for geophysical detection. Specifically, in the process of detection, the corresponding conductivity and corresponding magnetic transformation generated by the alternating current in the process of magnetic field transformation are mainly used. In the process of detection, the corresponding underground pipelines are detected through the magnetic field formed by the alternating current, So as to effectively ensure the accuracy of underground pipeline detection. Through the use of alternating current detection method for geophysical exploration, we can effectively find the differences between underground media, and find out the specific problems and sources of these differences through the analysis of these differences. Specifically, these methods have the characteristics of uniform measurement and long working time. They are one of the effective means for underground pipeline detection.
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